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Trekking in Makalu Region of Nepal - 3 Best Treks, Best Time to Visit and Tips

  • Author: Stuart Butler
  • Posted on: Wed Aug 26, 2020
Makalu Region of Nepal

One of the great forgotten trekking routes of Nepal, the strenuous two-week march straight to the Case Camp of the world’s fifth highest mountain, the daunting Mt Makalu (8463m) will delight those who revel in tranquil mountain trails, a sense of being off the beaten path and, most importantly, awesome mountain views. The route zig-zags up and down the Arun and Barun valleys and takes in isolated villages, forests hung in mosses and orchids, high yak pastures and the rock and ice wastes around the base camp area where the rewards are some of the most inspiring mountain vistas in Nepal.

Despite the positives, a relatively small number of people trek the Makalu region each year. This is largely thanks to sometimes complex logistics, the strenuous level of trekking, the fact that it’s a simple there and back on the same route trek (everyone always seems to prefer a circular route) and a lack of side-routes, connecting trails and other trek options in the area. Even so, those who do make the effort to trek this wilderness region always leave with the smug smile of someone whose just experienced the magic of an older, and more dramatic corner of Nepal. This is definitely a trek for the discerning walker.

Best Time To Visit In The Makalu Region

This part of eastern Nepal is the wettest part of the country and trekking here in, or close to, the monsoon season is not advisable (unless you’re a botanist in search of the elusive Blue Poppy, which only flowers at this time). The best period to trek here is between mid-October and late-April, although it can be hot at lower altitudes in April. Conversely, it can be bitterly cold up high between December and February. Early November is a good time to trek here as is late-March when huge numbers of rhododendrons burst into flower.

How Should I Trek In The Makalu Region?

Independent trekking is not allowed in the Makalu region. All treks in this area have to be organized through a recognized Nepalese tour operator.

Although Makalu is mainly the domain of organized, camping only treks there is some very simple accommodation available (normally a room in a private house) in most villages. Beyond the last villages there are also a few basic teahouses with dorm style rooms, but these close during the colder months. In all cases accommodation is aimed more at porters and herders than trekkers. It would be silly to rely on finding a bed in a house or hut for the night so, for the moment at least, it’s very sensible to come on an organized camping trek. Bring porters from Kathmandu as there aren’t many available near trail heads.

Trekking Permits

  • Makalu Rural Municipality is USD (2,000 NPR / USD 20) per person
  • Makalu Barun National Park entry fee (3,000 NPR / USD 30) per person

[More: How to get TIMS card and trekking permits in Nepal ]

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Is The Makalu Region A Dangerous Area To Trek?

Makalu Base Camp Trek

Most trekking routes in Nepal are safe. However, the Makalu trails are a long way from pretty much anywhere and if you encounter a problem help might be a long time coming. Always ensure that your guide has a satellite telephone (a normal mobile phone is not adequate as there’s no signal in much of the region) and that your insurance covers high altitude helicopter rescue.

  • The Shipton Pass, which is crossed on the way to Makalu Base camp, is high (4127m) and altitude related problems can be a real issue. Take it easy!
  • The Makalu to Everest and Makalu to Kanchenjunga routes are both very demanding and involve crossing multiple high passes (including, on the route to Everest, one that is over 6000m high). All routes are very remote and you’re very unlikely to encounter other people. Experience in snow and crossing glaciers as well as some basic mountaineering and rope work experience is essential for either route.
  • All the trekking trails in this area are long and demanding. This is not first time trekking country.

How Do I Get To The Trail Heads?

The main trail head is the small town of Num. The nearest airport is n the town of Tumlingtar. There are regular flights from Kathmandu. Battered jeeps operate as a bus service from Tumlingtar and Khandari to Num. It takes about four hours to travel between Tumlingtar and Num. Tour companies can organize private jeeps. You could also travel all the way from Kathmandu overland by bus or private vehicle. Either option is an exhausting multiday drive.

Best Things About Makalu Region Trekking

View Points

The name Makalu is derived from the Sanskrit, Maha Kala, which is a name for the Hindu God Shiva and when you stand at base camp and stare up at Makalu you will truly feel as if you’re in the presence of the Gods.

Local Life

As with other treks out in the far east of Nepal, the villages and trails of the Makalu region are an ethnic mish-mash of peoples, cultures and religions. In the higher villages live the Buddhist Sherpas, who originally hailed from eastern Tibet, while the Rai people, many of whom continue to follow the ancient Kiranti religion, live at lower elevations. Whatever their background the reception is always likely to be a warm one.


Makalu forms the heart of the Makalu-Barun National Park, a super diverse 2330sq-km protected area with an 8000m vertical-spread of elevation that ranges from tropical river valleys to the frozen, lifeless summits of some of the planets biggest mountains. Not surprisingly, a huge diversity of life can be found here including some 3100 (and growing) species of flowering plants including over forty species of orchids and twenty-five rhododendrons. There’s also the full spectrum of wildlife; from snow leopards to red pandas, black bears to sunbirds.

Exploration possibilities

Almost everyone walking in the Makalu region does a straight up and down trek along the same path, but for those with plenty of time and stamina, and who are very well-equipped with a full, experienced expedition-style team supporting them could embark on one of two wildly exciting treks to Kanchenjunga or Everest.

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Best 3 Treks In Makalu Region

Makalu Base Camp Trekking

There’s only one standard route to Makalu Base Camp and it’s a simple there and back along the same trail. This is a real wilderness trek with permanent villages found only during the first and last couple of days of the trek. Most of the time the only other people you’ll meet are herders with their yaks. One of the highlights of this trek is camping in gorgeous spring flower meadows well away from other people and waking to soaring mountain views.

Once you clear the villages the route climbs steeply through forests, crosses the high and often snowy Shipton Pass (4127m; named after Eric Shipton who followed this route with Sir Edmund Hilary during the 1952 Everest reconnaissance expedition) and then goes along the Barun valley past rapids and waterfalls. Eventually, after crossing scree fields and the debris of landslides, the valley opens out and you arrive at base camp (4870m).

Makalu might be the Queen of mountains in these parts and standing among the sand and boulders that constitutes base camp will send shivers of wonder down your spine, but for an even better view climb up to the nearby ridge on Peak 3 for a stunning Makalu views as well as side views of Lhotse, Lhotse Sar and the big mamma, Everest. You’ll probably be the only person up there. Allow an extra day (or even two) at base camp and head further up the valley to the advanced base camp or French base camp (both around 5000m). Or, climb the ridge (around 5250m) just to the northeast of base camp for even better views.

  • Duration: Two weeks
  • Difficulty: Hard. Lots of steep up and down and the fast elevation gain means the risk of AMS is high.

Makalu to Everest Trekking

One of the most challenging treks open to non-mountaineers in Nepal is the Makalu to Everest traverse via the very high passes of Sherpani (6135m), West Col (6143m), Baruntse Base Camp (5700m) and Amphu Laptsa (5850m), before descending into the Everest region at Pangboche. You should allow a minimum of three weeks for this trek and a lot more if you want to explore the Everest region in depth. You will need full expedition equipment, an experienced team, mountaineering experience and be prepared for many nights camping above 4500m.

  • Difficulty: Very strenuous. Borderline mountaineering.

Makalu to Kanchenjunga Trekking

Makalu to Kanchanjunga Trek

In recent years a few daring groups have launched expedition-style treks that link Makalu with Kanchenjunga via the 5160m Sumba Lumba pass. It takes four weeks and a lot of determination, but for most people it’s a slightly more realistic proposition than the Makalu to Everest trek mentioned above. Like that trek though you need to approach it as a full expedition and have experience at high altitude and basic mountaineering skills.

Difficulty: Very strenuous. Borderline mountaineering.

Recommended Read: Kanchenjunga Region Trekking - 5 Best Treks, Permit And Best Time

  • Author: Stuart Butler
  • Posted on: Wednesday Aug 26, 2020

About Author - Stuart Butler

Stuart Butler is a writer, photographer and guidebook author who has been travelling in and writing about the Himalaya for over twenty-five years. He is the author of the Lonely Planet guidebook: Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya, as well as both the Lonely Planet and the Rough Guide Nepal guidebooks. He’s also written an online guidebook to trekking in Nepal for Horizon Guides. Elsewhere in the Himalayan regions he’s written guidebooks to Tibetan regions for both Lonely Planet and Rough Guides, has updated the Bradt Guidebook to Ladakh & Kashmir and is the author of the forthcoming Bradt Guidebook to Bhutan.

Alongside guidebook work he writes about the Himalaya for an array of international publications including Geographical magazine, I newspaper (UK), National newspaper (UAE)Sierra magazine (USA), and various in-flight magazines. His stories have covered everything from the yarsagumba trade to the environmental policies of Bhutan, trekking in Nepal and searching for yetis in Tibet.

His other region of speciality is East Africa where he has worked on projects with numerous conservation and safari groups. When not in the Himalaya, Stuart is based at the foot of the gorgeous Pyrenees mountains in southwest France with his wife and two young children. His website is

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